– Get knowledge about the theme of International Accounting and Taxation and its importance in business expansion and internationalization.

– Identify the key areas of research in the subject.

1.1. The international accounting diversity
1.2. The accounting systems
1.3. International accounting harmonization
1.4. Comparison of the Portuguese accounting system with the normative IASB
1.5. Research in International Accounting
2.1. EU tax harmonization process
2.2. Tax systems
2.3. Research in international taxation




Draw the attention to the importance of the general knowledge of Economic International Law.

Understand the relevance of this Law to economic life.

Know the main characteristics of Economic International Law.

Apply the knowledge acquired in resolution of practical cases.


Know the concept, sources and principles of Public International Law, specially of Economic International Law and the main international organizations of commerce.

Know the relation between the Economic International Law and portuguese Law.

Distinguish the forms of solving litigations by Economic International Law.

Know the role of European Central Bank in “euro zone”, its regulation and its relation with Economic Criminal Law

1.Concept, sources and subjects of Public International Law
1.1. Concept, sources and subjects of Economic International Law
1.2. Relation between the Economic International Law and portuguese Law

2. The resolution of disputes by Economic International Law

3. The International Monetary System: Bretton Woods Agreement (1944)

4. The International Organizations of Commerce
4.1. General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade (GATT-1944)
4.2. World Trade Organization (OMC-1995)
4.3. The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF)

5. The euro zone: role of European Central Bank
5.1. The failure of regulation and Economic Criminal Law



To know the role of the main International Financial and Trade Institutions;

To know the main processes of International Economic Integration;

To understand the problems associated with International Trade and Foreign Direct Investment and their main actors;

To understand the functioning of the Foreign Exchange market and of Forward Exchange Rates;

To understand the interactions between macroeconomic policies as budgetary policy, monetary policy, foreign exchange policy in face of different exchange rate arrangements and different international capital mobilities.

1. Introduction to the study of International Economics: logic and actors
2. Economic and Monetary International System: IMF, World Bank, WTO, BIS
3. International Trade and Investment: international trade policy, theories of FDI
4. International Economic Integration: Definition, Theory, Steps, World Examples
5. Foreign Exchange Market and Exchange Rates: operation types; forward rate construction
6. Macroeconomic policy in an open economy; IS-LM-BP model in different contexts and different exchange rates regimes



General Objectives:
To frame the process of research in international economics and business within the scope of economic geography;
To understand the relationship between geography and economy, i.e. the interface between local and productive;
To gain knowledge on the economic forces operating at a global, national, regional and local level.

Specific Objectives:
Disucss the processes of knowledge creation within economic geography, in order to approach the different methodological perspectives of international economics and business.
Frame the processes of wealth production and creation within the local and geographical context.
Identify the actors and factors that, acting at national and/or international play a fundamental role in the international entry processes.

I. Introduction: A Geographica approach to the Economy and to Businesses
1 Research in International Economics and Business
2. The contribution of economic geography to research – Critiques to the economics discourse
3. Critical themes in economic geography

II. Dynamics of the economic space
1. Unequal development
2. The international value chain
3. Technology and agglomeration
4. Economics and environment



OG1 – Know various statistical approaches to support economics and management
OG2 – Identify the most appropriate methods to solve concrete problems
OG3 – Gain competences regarding the tools to support scientific research

OE1 – Know and apply the various methods of univariate data analysis
OE2 – Know and apply the various methods of multivariate data analysis
OE3 – Interpret the results obtained from applying the various statistical methods

M1 – Introductory Concepts
I. Descriptive statistics
II. Variable Association
III. Comparison of means and medians
M2 – Factorial Analysis
I. Exploratory
II. Confirmatory – Measurement Reliability
M3 – Multiple Linear Regression
M4 – Discriminant Analysis
M5 – Cluster Analysis



General Objectives:
1 – To acquire knowledge allowing the development of an updated, critical and cosmopolitan view of the contemporary world;
2 – To obtain a set of historical, geographical, sociological and cultural knowledges about our world, at a macro scale;
3 – To understand the multipolarity and multiculturality that characterize the contemporary world, in order to plan and act accordingly to these characteristics;
4 – To understand the impact that cultural and political idiosyncrasies, differences and interactions between very different agents and institutions can have in businesses.

1. From the 20th century to the new world order – landmarks of a global and plural world
1.1. Globalization.
1.2. Globalization and cultural diversity.
1.3. Globalization and management of cultural differences.
1.4. International HR Management (IWRM) – Expatriation Management.
1.5. Cultural intelligence.
2. 21st century Europe.
3. The multiple faces and multiple voices of contemporary Islam.
4. Post-colonialism and the emergence of “new actors” and “new economic, political and cultural powers” on a global scale.
5. Political and cultural diversity and management strategies and internationalization of companies.



The ultimate objective of this curricular unit is to provide students with corporate examples of internationalisation of their businesses, aiming to promote a discussion regarding real world entrepreneurial situations. It is aimed to critically analyse the developed strategies, barriers and obstacles and obtained results.

1.Case 1 – textile
b.Analysis and discussion
2.Case 2 – shoes
b.Analysis and discussion
3.Case 3 – tourism
b.Analysis and discussion
4.Case 4 – renewable energy
b.Analysis and discussion



After concluding this curricular unit, the student should be able to:
– make decisions in companies that work in an international context;
– measuring and manage the companies exchange rate exposure;
– prepare a capital budgeting for a multinational company.

1. The international financial environment
2. The exchange rates behavior
3. The exchange rate risk management
4. The international investment decisions



General Objectives: 
The Curricular Unit of Strategic management is aimed at introducing students with the initial concepts of the entrepreneurial strategy and to create the basis for understanding the concepts, mechanisms, and entrepreneurial phenomena. It is also aimed at knowing the various firms and organisations activities.
Specific Objectives: 
– understand the organisations mechanisms in what regards their diverse activities; 
– learn on the mechanisms of entrepreneurial process of planning; 
– become aware of the extent to which both the internal and external environment affect the organisations;
– identify the factors of success within organisations
– dealing with risk and uncertainty
– be familiar with the strategical decision making processes.

1. Strategic Implementation and formulation
2. Theories of International entry
3. International entry and development
3.1. The role of Management
3.2. Strategic motivations
3.3. Strategic effects
3.4. Entry and development strategies
3.5. Strategic intermediaries
3.6 Local Presence
3.7. Entry strategies and property structures
4. Strategic planning, organisation, implementation and control
4.1 The strategic planning process
4.2. Organisational structure
4.3. Implementation
4.4. Control
5. Corporate governance
6. Case studies



The aim of this discipline is to provide instruments to analyze the marketing decisions in an international context.
Students are expected to:
1- identify, analyze and understand the cultural models of each market under international context;
2- interpret the different habits and practices of negotiation in an international context;
3- analyse and implement international marketing strategies;
4- control the decisions of marketing in an international context.

1 – Internationalization strategies and international marketing;
2 – Global consumption and local consumers: cross-cultural consumer behavior
3 – Standardization or adaptation of marketing variables
4 – Decisions and forms of international implementation
5 – Negotiation Strategies in international context
6 – Certification of products in international commerce
7 – How to control international marketing decisions
8 – Brand identity management



This curricular unit aims to: 
Ob 1: To provide students with the knowledge about the processes associated to business cooperation, namely in terms of internationalization and innovation;
Ob 2: To analyze in depth the mechanisms associated with training and participation in business networks, both in terms of internationalization and in relation to innovation processes;
Ob 3: To explore the role of social capital;
Ob 4: To develop knowledge regarding theories of transaction costs and resource-based theory.

S1. Business Networks: concepts, advantages and mechanisms
S2. Innovation: sources, obstacles and barriers
S3. The role of social capital
S4. The Transaction Costs Economics and the Resource-based Theory
S5. Business cooperation
S6. Business cooperation supporting innovation
S7. Business cooperation for international entry